European Cohabitation. The strict
rules of public housing and the commercial nature of private developments do not encourage
a necessary debate on the residential project, whose definition has to be sought first
outside architecture, in the demands of a changing society for which simply inhabiting has
new connotations. Competitions such as Europan were in their day pioneers at presenting a
continental perspective of housing, and that territory which is dissolving its frontiers
is today the inescapable starting point when it comes to identifying needs, contrasting
experiences and searching for alternatives.
|Friendly Types. From the slab to the block,
the traditional forms of habitation are improvable, in their relationship with the urban
context and in the light of imperatives such as energy saving or the new domestic
||Burkard & Meyer, Baden
Gert Wingårdh, Malmö
Manuel Brullet, El Prat
Fink & Jocher, Coburg
|Singular Prisms. The city is built with
norms and is marked by exceptions; wrapped up in seductive skins, the residential prisms
lend themselves as much to uniformity as to a variety of shapes and sizes.
||Souto de Moura, Maia
Nieto & Sobejano, Seville
Álvaro Siza, Maastricht
Claus y Kaan, Almere
|Views and Reviews
||Art / Culture
|Galicians of Madrid. The lives of Antonio Palacios and Antonio Flórez, coetaneous and Galicians, only have Madrid in common, who owes them, respectively, some of its most significant public and educational architectures.||Javier Gª-Gutiérrez Mosteiro
The Madrid of Palacios
Flórez, Lay Classrooms
|From Exegesis to Repertoire. Charles Jencks
updates his book on Le Corbusier; the catalog of monographs on Spanish authors increases;
and a dictionary of terms that describe new architectural realities appears.
|To close, a commentary by Luis Fernández-Galiano on the relationship between the leisure industry, art and architecture, with the design by Koolhaas of the Guggenheim and the Hermitage museums in Las Vegas as backdrop.||Products
Photography, Software, Fairs
The Show Must Go On
In this house under construction we live now, still uncertain of its final dimension or inhabitants, but reasonably sure that we must try to keep the project from derailing on the obstacle of euroskepticism. We cohabit Europe while we build it, and this ambiguous term refers at once to the temporal nature of the arrangement, to the will to live together in the territory, and to the collective forms of housing that characterize European urbanity. This cohabitation moves around students and manners, mixes people and languages, blurrs national identities and nurtures a new nucleus of institutional and emotional reference. And in this communal melting pot, European cities and housing acquire a renewed pertinence, a stratified heritage of tradition and experiences with which the young European architects that compete in the coral laboratory of Europan and the accomplished professionals that swiftly sail around the geography of the continent critically dialog.
The construction of Europe has, indeed, as many shadows in the past as uncertainties in the future. Carlomagno rests in a peaceful penumbra that still has not reached the mercenary armies of Charles the Fifth, the revolutionary troops of Bonaparte or the armored divisions of Hitler, three hegemonic projects of Europe that the historical memory still has not been able to redeem. On its part, the current project suffers from an insufficient democratic legitimacy, an excessively dispersed leadership and a blurred definition of objectives, three wounds that weaken the autonomy of Europe before the increasing economic and military strength of our Atlantic partner, a United States that has responded to 11 September with a tide of patriotic fervor that has substituted subordination for multilateralism. Whether this increasingly evident ancillary role will be compatible with European cohabitation is as hard to predict as the future exchange rate of that newly born currency whose bills rustle between our fingers.